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Trade the interest rate decisions Like a Pro!

Interest rates are a fundamental factor in the movements of currencies, so thorough research on the market and how interest rates affect currencies will help you to make better trading decisions.

At FxPro, we offer 70 Forex pairs available to buy or sell via a wide range of account types and trading platforms, allowing you to speculate on the price movement of one economy in relation to another with ultra-low spreads and lightning-fast execution.

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How do Central Banks and Interest Rates affect the market?

Bank

Central banks are responsible for the country's monetary policy and their nation's currency stability. Interest rate decisions by these banks can drastically affect the FX market and are typically made as a response to multiple economic factors, such as the exchange rate, inflation, unemployment changes etc

Central banks manage interest rates in order to control inflation. Higher interest rates will generally increase the value of a country's currency as they attract more foreign investments, while lower interest rates encourage more spending, investing and borrowing.

The table will help you to understand the most likely impact on the currency of the country of the central bank:

Expectation
Actual Results
Impact on Currency
Rate cut
No change
Goes up 📈
Rate Hike
No change
Goes down 📉
No change
Rate cut
Goes down 📉
No change
Rate Hike
Goes up 📈
ECB

The more of a difference between the expected amount and the actual result, the more of an impact it will have on the currency, and there will often be immediate strong movements in the exchange rate. Bear in mind that there is often increased volatility in the market in the lead-up to any major economic event and after it.

Interest Differentials

Central banks are responsible for the country's monetary policy and their nation's currency stability. Interest rate decisions by these banks can drastically affect the FX market and are typically made as a response to multiple economic factors, such as the exchange rate, inflation, unemployment changes etc.

Central banks manage interest rates in order to control inflation. Higher interest rates will generally increase the value of a country's currency as they attract more foreign investments, while lower interest rates encourage more spending, investing and borrowing.

Major Central Banks

Fxpro - Banks
US Federal Reserve 💵

The interest rate decision is made by the Open Market Committee (Fed's division) eight times a year, where 12 members of the Committee vote for the rate level changes. The distribution of the votes cast is immediately known after the meeting.

Updates appear at 18:00 GMT (19:00 DST).

The minutes of the last Open Market Committee meeting are then published three weeks later.

Fxpro - Banks
Bank of England 💷

The interest rate decision is made by the BoE Monetary Policy Committee 8 times a year.

Updates appear at 11:00 GMT (12:00 DST). The Monetary Policy Committee includes 9 members.

The minutes are published simultaneously with the MPC decision.

Fxpro - Banks
European Central Bank 💶

The interest rate decision is made by the Governing Council of the European Central Bank.

Updates appear at 12:15 GMT (13:15 DST).

After a decision is made, a press conference is traditionally held 30 minutes later.

Fxpro - Banks
Bank of Japan 💴

The interest rate decision is made by the BoJ Monetary Policy Committee 8 times a year.

Updates appear between 3 and 5 GMT. The Monetary Policy Committee includes 9 members.

Summary of opinions are published in less than 2 weeks, minutes - after 5 weeks.

Fxpro - Banks
Swiss National Bank

The Swiss National Bank makes interest rate decisions four times a year announcing the results at 07:30 GMT (08:30 DST).

Fxpro - Banks
Bank of Canada

The Bank of Canada makes interest rate decisions eight times a year, announcing the results at 13:00 GMT (14:00 DST).

Fxpro - Banks
Reserve Bank of Australia

The Bank of Australia's interest rate decision meeting takes place 11 times a year, with the result known at 03:30 GMT (04:30 DST).

Fxpro - Banks
Reserve Bank of New Zealand

The Reserve Bank of New Zealand makes its interest rate decision seven times a year, announcing the results at 01:00 GMT (02:00 DST).

Trading tools to analyse interest rates

Use the FxPro Economic Calendar to follow upcoming Interest Rate Decisions and plan your trading with reports due to be released, previous economic events, consensus forecasts and estimated volatility.

You can also check out our market reviews from our expert analyst team at FxPro.News